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At the end of WWI, the "War to End All Wars," the world experienced a period of great change and turmoil. Russia faced a change in government as a result of a violent revolution which then led to civil war and the establishment of the first Communist state. Europe, on the other hand, experienced a brief recovery from WWI but was soon plunged into a global into a global depression. The global depression had a prfound impact on nations, their people, as well as their forms of government. The search for answers to the misery of the period led to a growth of nationalism and a mission to both find and punish those responsible. Out of the misery of the depression emerged totalitarian leaders that restored hope in their people by promising change and creating strong militaries to promote the new found nationalism. This quest for power, wealth, territory and totalitarian governments under Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin and Hirohito once again brought the world to the brink of war...

Massachusetts Frameworks:

WHII.20 Describe the various causes and consequences of the global depression of the 1930s, and analyze how governments responded to the Great Depression. (H, E

WHII.21 Describe the rise and goals of totalitarianism in Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union, and analyze the policies and main ideas of Mussolini, Hitler, Lenin, and Stalin. (H)

WHII.23 Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire in the 1930s. (H)
  • the Japanese invasion of China and the Rape of Nanking

Essential Questions:

1. How were the events of the interwar years both an effect and a cause of world war?

2. How does a leader rise to power and how does he/she hold onto it?

Opening activities:

To Add Information to your connections with the Great Depression watch the video linked below:

To Add more information to your web add information from the video below about how the depression effected the economies of the world: Use another color or pencil to show your addition from the second video

Complete the attached activity on your mark up of the Great Depression:

Opener: Geography Starting Points:


1. During the 1920's, where were most colonial possessions located?
2. What nation had the most colonial possession? WHere were they located
3. What comment could you make about French colonial possessions?
4. How may the map be different in the 1940s or 1960s?
5. Add one more analysis of your choice about the map.

Complete an I SEE/ IT MEANS on the cartoon below:

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Complete the terms on section 2: The Great Depression provided here:

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Complete graphic organizer given to you in class:

Japanese Imperialism

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Reading Focus:
1. How did Japan change in the 1920s?
2. Why did the Japanese military's influence grow?
3. What were the reasons Japanese aggressionin the 1930s?
Use the weebly here to complete this work: Nanjing Massacre

Here is a digital copy of the Dialectical journal to complete the Nanjing Massacre:

Complete the mark up of the summary of Japanese agression provided here:

Complete the following opener:

Complete section 3 Terms:

Complete Sequencing chart on Japanese agression:

Opener: In a sentence of Ten words or less, why did Japanese aggression increase in the 1930?

Rise of Dictators:

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Preview Section 4: Dictators in Europe:
a. Review pictures, bold print graphs and and inserts
b. Identify what you believe to be the major similarities between Mussolini, Stalin and HItler

Analyze the quote presented in the word document here....

Watch the movie clip on the Ten Steps to a Totalitarian Government below:

1. Identify the Ten Steps in the video.
2. Do you agree with the ones presented?
3. What step would you add and why?

Complete the graphic organizer attached here:


Dictatorship vs Totalitarian ruler: Handout given in class

Based on Mark up complete the following activity on the back:

1. Based on your reading of the text, identify the key components of Totalitarianism
2. Based on reading, identify the differences between a totalitarian regime and a dictatorship

Democracy Takes a Look at Totalitarianism:

Examples of totalitarian governments include Italy under Mussolini, the Soviet Union under Stalin, and Germany under Hitler. These governments shared many common features. Read pages 425-429 in your text.

Activity: Inquiry on Totalitarian rulers:

Index for Notebook check:

Mind Mapping Assessment
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Each student is required to make an outline of topics and layout design for their mind map. A sample of an outline is here....

Here is a copy of the Mind Map rubric for this assessment: