European Imperialism

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Please Bring Notebooks the day of Midterm
World II Learning Standards:

WHII.11 Describe the causes of 19th century European Imperialism (H,E)
  1. the desire for economic gain and resources
  2. the missionary impulse and the search for strategic advantage and national pride
WHII.12 Identify major developments in Indian history in the 19th and early 20th centuries (H,E)
  1. the economic and political relationship between India and Britain
  2. the building of roads, canals, railroads, and universities
  3. the rise of Indian nationalism and the influence and ideas of Ghandi
WHII.13 Identify major developments in Chinese history in the 19th and early 2oth centuries (H,E)
  1. China’s explosive population growth between 1750 and 1850
  2. Decline of the Manchu dynasty beginning in the late 18th century
  3. Growing Western influence
  4. The Opium War
  5. The Taiping Rebellion from 1850-1864
  6. The Boxer Rebellion
  7. Sun Yat-Sen and the 1911 nationalist revolution
WHII.14 Identify major developments in Japanese history in the 19th and early 20th centuries (H,E)
  1. the Meiji Restoration
  2. the abolition of feudalism
  3. the borrowing and adaptation of western technology and industrial growth
  4. Japan’s growing role in international affairs
WHII.15 Identify major developments of African history in the 19th and early 20th centuries (H,E)
  1. African interaction with imperialism
  2. Agricultural changes, improvements, and new patterns of employment
  3. The origins of African nationalism

Essential Questions:

1. What changes set the stage for European Imperialism?

2. How did imperialism contribute to the unity and growth of nationalism?

3. Is it acceptable to impose your culture on another cultural group?

4. Does a technological advanced nation have a responsibility to share its advances with less developed nations?

5. Should the pursuit of economic and political advances outweigh costs?

Background on Imperialism

Imperialism 1800–1914
European nations gain territory or domination in Asia and Africa through piece-by-piece conquest
  • 1700s–1800s: Britain slowly acquires India
  • 1830: France conquers Algeria
  • 1857:Sepoy mutiny: Indian soldiers revolt against British
  • 1869:Suez Canal connects Mediterranean Sea, Indian Ocean
  • 1870s–1880s: Britain controls much of Africa
  • 1898: British, French armies meet in a standoff at Fashoda, Sudan; war averted when French back down
  • 1899–1902:Boer War: British defeat Boers (farmers of Dutch descent) in South Africa
  • 1900:Boxer Rebellion: Chinese revolt against European presence; China remains independent, but European powers carve it into different spheres of influence
Reasons for imperialism:
  • Economic: Colonies provide new markets, raw materials; colonies are rarely profitable, however
  • Religious: Christian missionaries convert indigenous peoples
  • Nationalistic/political: New territories bring glory to the nation; empire becomes part of national identity
  • Racial: European powers view indigenous peoples as inferior, in need of civilization

Map Activity:

Answer the following questions using the map below:

1. Identify and list the nations that had colonies in 1914 but not in 1850.

2. Why do you think there were more European colonies in 1914 than in 1850?

3. Predict: How do you think the change in political control in Africa between 1850 and 1914 affected Africa’s people?

4. Identify and list two observations you noted in comparing the map of 1850 and 1914.

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Section One: The British in India pages 343 - 347
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Watch the video below and complete the attached dialectical journal:

Section Two: Imperialism in China

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Content Questions:

1. How did Western nations gain power and influence in China in 1800s?
2. How did the Cinese view Europeans in the 1800s?
3. Were the Chinese fears of western intentions warranted?
4. What were the effects of the Taiping Rebellion?
5. How did the Boxer Rebellion start and end?
6. How did European intervention in China contribute to the downfall of the Qing Dynasty?

  • Before the Outbreak of the Opium Wars, CHina Attempted to appeal to the Britich crown to stop the trade of Opium
  • Attached is a copy of the Letter of Advice to Quuen Victoria for you to mark up:

Writing a letter as Queen Victoria:

Use the Picture detective to analyze the picture below:

1. Ask a question
2. List what you see
3. what is the purpose of this political cartoon

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Complete the map activity on Imperialism and the global economy:

Section 3: The Scramble for Africa:

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Complete the Inside Story ACtivity on Ethiopia:
Complete Graphic Organizer on the New Imperialism:
Analyzing poetry:

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Reading of a Whiteman's Burden Here
1. According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the “White Man’s Burden”?
2. What reward did Kipling suggest the “White Man” gets for carrying his “burden”?
3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it?

Heart of Darkness clip here
For Classes that Complete the Webquest:
  • On your western imperialism page Complete the following activities on the web quest:

1. Section I: Imperialism and the World
For each of the sections below, copy paste and answer the questions in your wiki:
a. Imperialism Map
b. Data on Colonial Empires
c. Impact of colonization Data
d. Make some conclusions

2. Section II: Imperialism by on Africa
For each of the sections below, copy, paste and answer the questions in your wiki
a. Berlin Conference
b. Political cartoon
c. Map comparison
d. Link to today

Webquest on Imperialism in Africa: Here

Video clip on Imperialism in Africa:

Background on Berlin Conference:

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The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power. Called for by Portugal and organized by Otto von Bismarck, first Chancellor of Germany, its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, can be seen as the formalization of the Scramble for Africa. The conference ushered in a period of heightened colonial activity by European powers, while simultaneously eliminating most existing forms of African autonomy and self-government.

Mark Up of Berlin Conference:

Use the vidoe clip below to add to your knowledge of the Berlin Conference: