Africa

Colonial_Africa_1914_map.png


Both Periods 3 and 4:
  • Create a new page in your wiki entitled Africa
  • Find a visual that represents imperialism in Africa in the 19th century or nationalism during that period

Here is a quick overview of Imperialism in Africa:



What did you learn about Imperialism in Africa?
Essential Questions: Copy and paste into your wiki and answer each
  • How can political change cause conflict
  • How does the development of nationalism impact people, nations, and empires?
  • How can political relationships affect economic relationships?
  • What characteristics and factors unite people as a nation?

Map found on pages 356-357 of on line text
user name: qvictoria4password: worldhistory

africa map.jpg

Attached are questions to be answered on the map. Please use the on line text map because it is clearer and contains more features.

: Analyze the quote below. Copy and paste the quote and your analysis into your wiki:

Like a cyclone, imperialism spins across the globe; militarism crushes peoples, and sucks the blood like a vampire.
By Karl Liebknecht



Mark up: The Scramble for Africa:
Mark up should be completed on a shared, named Google doc

Picture Detective:
  • Ask a Question
  • What do you see )Clues)
  • What is the message of the political cartoon?


Br_and_US_imperialism.jpg


  • Log on to the on line book
  • Click on page 359: The New Imperialism
  • Summarize the material you read on the graphic organizer below
  • Upload completed organizer to your wiki

Complete the Frayer model attached here:

Read the Kipling Poem on "the Whiter Man's Burden:

1. According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the “White Man’s Burden”?
2. What reward did Kipling suggest the “White Man” gets for carrying his “burden”?
3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it?

4. What lines of the poem did you find the most interesting and why?


This was one of the replies to Kipling's poem:

  • What is the message of this poem:

Background on Berlin Conference:


Markup this document on Berlin Conference:

Watch the video below and add to what you know about the Berlin Conference:




  • Describe the significance of the Berlin Conference in 5 words:


Primary Sources on Imperialism in Africa

  • Read each of the quotes or documents and answer the questions under each one:

Document 1:
"Throughout history it has been the inaction of those who could have acted, the indifference of those who should have known better, the silence of the voice of justice when it mattered that has made it possible for evil to triumph." Haille Selassie, Ethiopian emperor, 1892-1975
Questions to consider:

  • What is the perspective of the author? What events might have caused the author to think as he does?
  • Why might the author be making this statement?
  • How does the quote relate to Imperialism in Africa? Explain.

Document 2

"On French Colonial Expansion" A Speech before the French Chamber of Deputies, March 28, 1884, by Jules Ferry (1832-1893): Ferry was twice prime minister of France, from (1880-1881, 1883-1885)
Gentlemen, we must speak more loudly and more honestly! We must say openly that indeed the higher races have a right over the lower races...
I repeat, that the superior race races have a right because they have a duty. They have the duty to civilize inferior races...In the history of earlier centuries these duties gentlemen have been misunderstood; and certainly when the Spanish soldiers and explorers introduced slavery into Central America, they did not fulfill their duty as men of a higher race....But in our time, I maintain that European nations acquit themselves with generosity, with grandeur, and with sincerity of this superior civilizing duty.

I say that French colonial policy, the policy of colonial expansion, the policy that has taken us under the Empire, that has led us to Tunisia, to Madagascar- I say this policy of colonial expansion was inspired by...the fact that a navy such as ours cannot do withtout safe harbors, defenses, supply centers on the high seas...Are you unaware of this? Look at the map of the world.

  • Who is the author of this piece of evidence? What is his viewpoint?
  • What justifications does he offer to support his viewpoint?
  • Why might he be giving this speech? What is the purpose of this speech?
  • What does the speech tell you about life and attitudes of that time?

Document 3:"The Rhodes of Colossus: Striding from Cape Town to Cairo" Published in Punch, or the London Charivari, December 10, 1982.Artists: Linley Sambourne
colossus of Rhodes.png

  • Where and when was this political cartoon published? What impact might this have on its perspective and bias?
  • What meaning does the title give to the Illustration? Why might the author have chosen the words he did/ (colossus, striding, Cape Town and Cairo)
  • Who is being depicted in this political cartoon? (research cartoon) What objects do you see?
  • What is the artists viewpoint? What evidence from the political cartoon supports your claim?

Document 4:
"Moshweshewe: Letter ton Sir George Grey, 1858" written by Mark X of Moshweshewe, Chief of the Basutos.


  • Mark up the document attached below before you answer the questions




  • Who is the author? Why is he writing the letter? What is the purpose?
  • The letter included the names of several individuals and groups. Who are these individuals and groups? How do they impact the meaning of the letter? (you will have to research names and groups as example Boers, Harry Smith....)
  • Do you think the letter was successful in fulfilling its purpose? Why or why not? Use evidence (quotes) from the letter to support your claim.

Document 5:
Source: Ndansi Kumalo, African veteran of the Ndebele Rebellion against British advances in southern Africa, 1896.

So we surrendered to the White people and were told to go back to our homes and live our usual lives and attend to our crops. We were treated like slaves. They came and were overbearing. We were ordered to carry their clothes and bundles. They harmed our wives and our daughters. How the rebellion started I do not know; there was no organization, it was like a fire that suddenly flames up. I had an old gun. They—the White men—fought us with big guns, machine guns, and rifles. Many of our people were killed in this fight: I saw four of my cousins shot. We made many charges but each time we were defeated.But for the White men’s machine guns, it would have been different.

  • How were the the people of southern Africa treated by the imperialists?
  • Why was the African rebellion unsuccessful?

Document 6:
Source: Mojimba, African chief, describing a battle in 1877 on the Congo River against British and African mercenaries, as told to a German Catholic missionary in 1907.

And still those bangs went on; the long sticks spat fire, pieces of iron whistled around us,fell into the water with a hissing sound, and our brothers continued to fall. We ran into our village and they ran after us. We fled into the forest and flung ourselves on the ground. When we returned that evening our eyes beheld fearful things: our brothers, dead, bleeding, our village plundered and burned, and the river full of dead bodies.You call us wicked men, but you White men are much more wicked! You think because you have guns you can take away our land and our possessions. You have sickness in your heads, for this is not justice

  • Who is the author of this source? What does it refer to?
  • Describe the strength of the sides in this battle using evidence from the text.
  • What is the chief's opinion of the British?

Document 7:
Source: German military officer, account of the 1905 Maji Maji Rebellion in German East Africa, German military weekly newspaper, 1906.

The chiefs spread it among their people that a spirit, living in the form of a snake, had given a magic medicine to a medicine man. The medicine guaranteed a good harvest, so that in future people would no more need to perform wage labor for foreigners in order to obtain accustomed luxuries. The medicine would also give invulnerability, acting in such a way that enemy bullets would fall from their targets like raindrops from a greased body. It would strengthen women and children for the flight customary in wartime, with the associated hardships and privations, and protect them from being seized by the victorious attackers, who were accustomed to taking women and children with them as war prizes. The medicine consisted of water, maize, and sorghum grains. The water was applied by pouring it over the head and by drinking.


  • What is the message the German military officer was trying to send about the East Africans? Give evidence from the document to support your claim
  • Why do you think the Africans made such claims?


Document 8:

Smithsonian Institution sponsored African expedition for Theodore Roosevelt, 1909-1910. Photo was used as an illustration in Theodore Roosevelt's book, "African Game Trails" published in 1910.

Roosevelt_safari_elephant.jpg

  • Describe the person and objects in this photo.
  • What is the purpose of the photograph?
  • What economic or social implications does this photo indicate about Africa in 1909?

Document 9:

African exports.PNG

  • What European industries benefited from African resources?
  • Which European country do you feel had the most valuable colonies? Why?
  • How could this document be used to explain the primary reason for European imperialism in Africa?

Document 10:

"Colonialism’s greatest misdeed was to have tried to strip us of our responsibility in conducting our own affairs and convince us that our civilization was nothing less than savagery, thus giving us complexes which led to our being branded as irresponsible and lacking in self-confidence. . .
The colonial powers had assimilated each of their colonies into their own economy.
Our continent possesses tremendous reserves of raw material and they, together with its potential sources of power, give it excellent conditions for industrialization. . ."
Sekou Toure, West African nationalist, 1962


  • In 1962, what was the response of this West African nationalist to years of colonialism?





Open Response:
Period 3: Please begin over the weekend. Work will be turned in after class on Monday
Period 4: Completed and Printed open response must be turned in BEFORE class on Tuesday.

Open response:

Based on your analysis of the documents and images above, analyze the social and economic effects of European Imperialism or colonization of Africa and the African response to imperialism

While writing the open response:
  • Ø Develop a relevant thesis and support that thesis with evidence from the documents
  • Ø Use all the documents
  • Ø Take into account the source of the documents and analyze the author’s point of view
  • Ø Be sure to include relevant historical information that you have learned in this unit that may not have been mentioned in the documents